Iraq basic facts
Iraq is a multiethnic and multireligious country, composed of two main groups, Arabs and Kurds. Other less important groups are Assyrians, Armenians, Jews, Shiites, Sunnis, Saebas, Yezidis, Feylis, Shabak Kurds and Kakai , Christians and Catholics orthodoxes.
The Iraqi state was established by Great Britain in 1921 from three Ottoman provinces Basra, Baghdad and Mosul Kurdistan or South. Kurdish north of Iraq, rich in oil, water was annexed after the Treaty signed in 1926 between Turkey and Great Britain.
Iraq, under British mandate, was recognized by the League of Nations in 1932 as a sovereign state.
Notable historical points:
Monarchy overthrown by General Kassem, which proclaimed birth of Iraq Republic. Five years later he was overthrown by group including young Saddam Hussein.
Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company
Saddam Hussein succeeds Al-Bakr who resigned for health reasons. He proclaimed himself president of the Republic. To eliminate his opponents, he organized a meeting of senior Baath during which he denounced and arrested fifty "plotters". Saddam Hussein has all the powers.